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Where Does Your Local Restaurant Get Its Food?

An emerging local food movement is challenging both the wisdom and practice of long-distance food shipping. Next time you eat out for dinner, ask if they use locally grown foods.

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Eat Local

According to Worldwatch Institute, our food logs more frequent flyer miles than we do. A new study by the Worldwatch Institute, an environmental and social policy research organization based in Washington, D.C., Americans eat food that travels between 1500 – 2000 miles. That’s 25% farther than just two decades ago.

The farther we ship food, the more vulnerable our food system becomes, says Worldwatch Research Associate Brian Halweil, author of Home Grown: The Case for Local Food in a Global Market. Many major cities in the U.S. have a limited supply of food on hand. That makes those cities highly vulnerable to anything that suddenly restricts transportation, such as oil shortages or acts of terrorism.

This vulnerability is not limited to the United States. The tonnage of food shipped between countries has grown fourfold over the last four decades. In the United Kingdom, for example, food travels 50 percent farther than it did two decades ago.

This reliance on long-distance food damages rural economies, as farmers and small food businesses become the most marginal link in the sprawling food chain. This trend also creates numerous opportunities along the way for contamination, while contributing to global warming, because of the huge quantities of fuel used for transportation.

We are spending far more energy to get food to the table than the energy we get from eating the food. A head of lettuce grown in the Salinas Valley of California and shipped nearly 3,000 miles to Washington, D.C., requires about 36 times as much fossil fuel energy in transport as it provides in food energy when it arrives, Halweil says.

Halweil points to a vigorous, emerging local food movement that is challenging both the wisdom and practice of long-distance food shipping. Massive meat recalls, the advent of genetically engineered food, and other food safety crises have built interest in local food, he says. Rebuilding local food economies is the first genuine profit-making opportunity in farm country in years.

In the United States, the number of registered farmers’ markets has jumped from 300 in the mid-1970s and 1,755 in 1994 to more than 3,100 today. Approximately 3┬ámillion people visit these markets each week and spend over $1 billion each year. Innovative restaurants, school cafeterias, caterers, hospitals, and even supermarkets are beginning to offer fresh, seasonal foods from local farmers and food businesses.

Locally grown food served fresh and in season has a definite taste advantage, says Halweil, It’s harvested at the peak of ripeness and doesn’t have to be fumigated, refrigerated, or packaged for long-distance hauling and long shelf-life. In the United States, more than half of all tomatoes are harvested and shipped green, and then artificially ripened upon arrival at their final destination.

Of course, a certain amount of food trade is natural and beneficial. But money spent on locally produced foods stays in the community longer, creating jobs, supporting farmers, and preserving local cuisines and crop varieties against the steamroller of culinary imperialism. And developing nations that emphasize greater food self-reliance can retain precious foreign exchange and avoid the instability of international markets.

taken from Worldwatch Institute